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by Finage at February 28, 2023 5 MIN READ


Economic Indicators in Stock Market Analysis & Forecasting


One of the main principles of stock investments is current data analysis and forecast. But how do you know what is going to happen? Are we going to face another recession?


Well, there is a lot of statistical analysis of the economic indicators. We frequently talk about a country’s GDP and that gives us the idea of how a country is doing economically. For instance, looking at the global GDP, we can say that there have been consistencies since 1980 except the recession of 2009 and 2020 (because of pandemic). If you look at the chart, you will be able to see the 2.66% growth for 2023. Therefore, it could be one example of an economic measure that helps investors analyze the present condition and the future.


These criteria usually belong to the macroeconomic scale. The data chosen for this purpose ranges from the data released by the government as well as the data from non-profit organizations. But how many measures of the economy are there?



- Measures of the economy

- Futuristic value

- Do you know the trends in the market?

- Monthly trends

- Efficient interpretation

- Examples

- Final thoughts

Measures of the economy

This discussion won’t be an easy one, so let us get to details. There are three different categories of the economic benchmarks:

- leading

- lagging

- coincidental


The main difference between them is in their purpose and the time of their use. The word “leading” tells us that this set of measures helps us to provide short term predictions, whereas “lagging” would determine the changes that would happen after the economic condition has changed.


Lastly, “coincidental” is the set of data that can change before or after the prediction. The distinction between coincidental measures and the others is not so clear. Following is the list of main measures:

- Consumer Price Index


- Unemployment figures

- Wages

- Stock market returns

- Merchandise export index

- Government bond yields

- Gross Government Debt

- Foreign exchange

- Prices of gold, oil, metals, etc.

Futuristic value

Now that you know what are economic criteria for trade analysis, we can discuss market indexes. The data that have futuristic purpose and value are considered as market indexes. What does it mean to have a futuristic value? Well, the set of information that people can use to know what changes might occur in the market.


These values must be current so that they can be analyzed for future predictions. For example, from the above given list of measures of the economy, market indexes are commodity prices, stock market, bond interest rates, and foreign exchange prices. Therefore, as an investor or trader, you would have to be careful which indicators you are using to follow the market and for analysis.


Do you know the trends in the market?

There are weekly and monthly reports released based on the changes of the economic measures. An example of a weekly report is the unemployment rates. It is a lagging measure provided by the Department of Labor. When the economy of a country is weak, the unemployment rate would go up and so would the unemployment filing. Of course, there are certain loopholes to this filing. For example, the contractual staff, self-employed, and part-time employees do not qualify to be a part of the filing. However, this index does give you an idea of the strengthening or weakening economy.


Another weekly trend is the money supply, which tells us how much money is being rotated in the economy. This data is released by the Federal Reserve. This was crucial data before the digitalization of the economy. After covid, vast amounts are being transported around the globe, therefore this indicator has lost value and significance.


Monthly trends

Now let us talk about monthly trends. There are residential reports and existing home sales released monthly. Real estate proves to be an efficient measure when we talk about forward-moving indicators. The former one is provided by the Department of Housing and Urban Development and the later one is given by the National Association of Realtors.


These indicators tend to pick up pace as the economy starts going in the positive direction. Also, the mortgage interest rate is another monthly benchmark that helps to predict the ups and downs. The other important reports are:

- Consumer Confidence Index

- Purchasing Managers Index

- Manufacturing Business Outlook Survey

- Estimated Long Term Mutual Funds-Flow

- The Factory Offer Reports

- Beige Book

Efficient interpretation

The measures mentioned above work perfectly when they are interpreted correctly. We know that there is a direct and proportionate correlation of GDP and the profits in the corporate world. But the economic world is growing at a fast rate. It is evolving and changing even more with the global digitalization. Therefore, relying on just GDP would not be helpful. While interpreting the criteria, it is important to consider:

- their objective importance

- their current validity and

- their ability to forecast.


Another crucial point of interpretation is the time period. Any monetary measure can be useful in analysis if it is considered over a period of a few months or years. Summing up, it is crucial to mention that the revolutionization of market data has led to more accurate analysis, efficient interpretation and forecasting of indicators. Actually, new tech solutions like AI chatbots are helping to make investors richer. New tech is transforming the way we approach stock market analysis and forecasting by providing real-time economic indicators and insights.



For example, the unemployment rate at one particular time does not provide any vital information, rather the growth of unemployment suggests a decline in economic growth. Having a goal or a target value for the economic indicator is another thing to keep in mind when being interpreted. That target value is called the “benchmark”.


For example, in the US, the Federal Reserve targets inflation of 2%. When the predicted inflation goes higher, policies or certain changes are placed to bring the inflation to 2%. When you take these things into consideration, you would be able to choose the right economic indicators for trading.


Final thoughts

To conclude, the economic indicators are quite helpful for stock market analysis and forecast. These sets of economic information are macroeconomic data that when charted over a period of time provide information about the future. Whether there is going to be a growth or a decline and also the percentage could be told.


Proper interpretation helps the government achieve economic goals by setting policies in place. Based on the measures, certain weekly and monthly reports are released that tell us the current situation as well as the future of the market. As well in stock market analysis and forecasting, it is worth using premium global market indexes coupled with economic indicators as it provides a comprehensive view of the global financial landscape, allowing users to make informed decisions and potentially reap greater profit.

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