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by Finage at February 9, 2023 5 MIN READ


Understanding Forex for Foreign Exchange Trading


Forex is incredibly lucrative. Foreign exchange trading (FX) is the largest and most liquid financial market in the world. It is worth mentioning that FX trading can be a high-risk venture. When you first start trading, you should approach the market with caution. It is a good practice to learn proper risk management techniques to avoid significant losses. With a solid understanding of Forex and the market, you can increase your chances of success.


That said, it is no easy task and a lot has to be figured out before diving into the world. Among the top things that should be known, let’s check the way FX trading functions and what to expect once you become a participant.



- Understanding the market

- The idea of pairing

- How it works

- Factors affecting the FX market

- The state of the economy

- Political and geopolitical events

- Central bank policies

- Best practices for FX

- Plan your actions out

- Staying up-to-date with current market events

- Managing emotions and avoiding impulsive trades

- Final thoughts


Understanding the market

Forex is defined as the exchange of one currency for another. Its main use is trade and it involves the buying and selling of currencies, with the aim of profiting from the changes in their exchange rates. If you are a newbie to FX trading, it can be challenging to understand the complexities of this market.


The idea behind it is that traders try to make a profit by positioning themselves at crucial junctions where paired currencies are bought or sold. This is highly dependent on the demand for certain currencies. Among that, it is the most volatile, despite working the same way as other markets, moreover:

- the market operates around the clock 5 days per week,

- working with main financial centers placed in London, NY, Tokyo and Sydney.

- it's decentralized which means it has no central exchange or clearinghouse,

- trades are conducted over-the-counter.


Basically, trading experts are participating in FX by buying/selling currency pairs, for example, EUR/USD, GBP/JPY, etc. FX trading is open to anyone; you just need to have an online connection, device and trading profile. USeful note, some brokers provide demo accounts/profiles to allow newbies practicing with virtual funds before investing for real cause.


The idea of pairing

As stated earlier, FX works primarily in trading pairs which are just currencies quoted against each other. The purpose of this is to compare the value of the two currencies, the first one being base and the second, being the quote.


From this accurate prices are brought forth among three types of pairings which are:

- major pairs, which are between the US Dollar and major currencies like the Euro

- minor pairs, which are between currencies excluding the US Dollar

- exotic pairs, which are between arising markets


How it works 

The idea behind FX is the use of many strategies to buy and sell positions at their most convenient. The process begins when a bid or an ask is placed with the former being the price you are willing to sell and the latter being the one you are hoping to buy. After multiple exchanges of these, a buy or sell officially occurs.


The differences between profit and loss can come down to the smallest percentage in a currency’s move or pip. All this leads to said profit or loss which is the difference between buying and selling prices, what is known as a spread.


Factors affecting the FX market 

Economic marks, political events and market indicators are the main factors that influence exchange rates. Something as vast as the FX market is bound to be influenced by key factors and trends. Said factors are what will clue traders in on what is working and what isn’t, thus giving them a path to a decision. Of the many elements, three play the biggest role.


The state of the economy 

Many aspects of the economy have an impact on the exchange rate and these include the likes of government debt, impending recessions, and the ratio between imports and exports. One key factor is inflation which follows the simple rule of; “the lower it is, the better a currency will do.


Political and geopolitical events

During events like wars and natural disasters, the sudden destruction caused can mean that the rebuilding efforts will cost an immense amount. Funding such operations often require the lowering of a currency’s value.


If the destruction is widespread as it often is, the effects could be catastrophic. However, the effects of such occurrences could be positive in countries where manufacturing comes as a result, boosting the economy.


Central bank policies 

They can often affect the exchange by raising or reducing interest rates, which strengthens and weakens the exchange respectively. Other actions taken to mitigate the constant motion include creating more currency and foreign currency reserve management.


Best practices for FX

Regardless of the resources you have, a level of caution has to be taken at all times in this volatile space. The following three things have to be kept in mind before jumping on the first trading opportunity you see:


Plan your actions out

Granted, planning is really difficult in a notoriously unpredictable space. That said, you can plan for scenarios that historically happen cyclically on the market by using FX charts. In doing this, you have an idea of when to buy or sell based on similar situations that have passed.


Staying up-to-date with current market events

Another important aspect of the trade is the ability to gain an edge by making accurate predictions. This is only possible if you have your finger on the pulse of everything happening in the market and gain every bit of data ideally in real-time. 


Managing emotions and avoiding impulsive trades 

By planning and gauging the market via the data collected, you have a better chance of making the right decision. This is only possible if you put your emotions aside as they tend to interfere with trading, which can cause devastating losses as it almost becomes a guessing game.


Final thoughts

From the above, it’s easy to tell that FX is a cardinal aspect of the world that keeps commerce alive. This does come with some inherent volatility, which isn’t as obvious because the market is relatively more liquid than most. It remains chaotic and unpredictable nonetheless.


All these mean that strategies have to be implemented for better chances at profitability. Said chances are only enhanced when proper strategy is used alongside good forex practices. Traders have no way of knowing exactly how global events will affect the exchange or how currencies will match up against each other in the future, but they can be prepared for it.You can also use the Finage advanced tools to take your trading to the next level. That can help you make more accurate predictions and trade more effectively!

You can get your Real-Time and Historical Forex Data with Finage free Fx Data API key.

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